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Lipid Profile / Lipid Profile Test

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Lipid Profile / Lipid Profile Test

What is lipid profile test

Lipid profile or lipid profile test is used as part of heart disease risk assessment. It is generally recommended for people who show the following symptoms:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Underactive thyroid gland
  • History of heart disease and high cholesterol in family
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes

Lipid profile can also be ordered in cases where assessment of lifestyle modification and also effectiveness of statins in patient who already have deranged lipid profile.

Indians are more likely than other races to develop heart diseases. It is recommended that Indian men get lipid profile test done at least once in five years from the age of 20. Post the age of 35, men should get a lipid profile done once every year. Women should get a lipid profile test done every year after the age of 45.

Lipid Profile in India - symptoms & recommendations by LabsAdvisor

What parameters are covered in Lipid Profile Test

It normally includes

  • Total cholesterol:This measures the amount of cholesterol in blood. Cholesterol is a kind of fat that the body needs to function properly. While high levels of cholesterol are generally considered bad for heart functioning, newer research is questioning this. You should refer to your doctors advice on how to interpret the results of the lipid profile test.
  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C): The "good cholesterol" in the blood
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C): The "bad cholesterol" in the blood
  • Triglycerides: The calories which the body does not use are converted to triglycerides. Hence, triglycerides are generally considered bad. People who are fat, diabetic or eat too much carbohydrates without burning them, have high amounts of triglycerides in their bodies.
  • Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C): Calculated by dividing the amount of triglycerides by 5
  • Non-HDL-C: It is a calculated value
  • Cholesterol/HDL ratio: Ratio of total cholesterol to HDL. It is a calculated value.

Lipid profile ranges and interpretation

Desirable Borderline High risk
Cholesterol <200 mg/dl 200 - 239 mg /dl >240 mg/dl
Triglyceride <150 mg/dl 150 - 199 mg / dl 200 - 499 mg/dl
HDL cholesterol 60 mg/dl 35-45 mg/dl <35 mg/dl
LDL cholesterol 60 - 130 mg/dl 130 - 159 mg/dl 160 - 189 mg/dl
Cholesterol / HDL ratio 4.0 5.0 6.0

For more information on lipid profile test, you may go to the following links

Know Cost of Lipid Profile/Lipid Profile Test in Different Cities In India

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